Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is an essential approach to convert coal, biomass, and shale gas into
fuels and chemicals, such as lower olefins, gasoline, diesel, and so on. In recent years, there has been
increasing motivation to deploy FTS at commercial scales which has been boosting the discovery of high performance catalysts. In particular, the importance of support in modulating the activity of metals has been recognized and carbonaceous materials have attracted attention as supports for FTS. In this review, we summarised the substantial progress in the preparation of carbon-based catalysts for FTS by applying activated carbon (AC), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon nanofibers (CNFs), carbon spheres (CSs), and metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) derived carbonaceous materials as supports. A general assessment of carbon-based catalysts for FTS, concerning the support and metal properties, activity and products selectivity, and their interactions is systematically discussed. Finally, current challenges and future trends in the development of carbon-based catalysts for commercial utilization in FTS are proposed.
Because of the depletion of crude oil and environmental concerns, utilisation of non-petroleum carbon resources such as natural gas, coal, and biomass is currently becoming more an attractive strategy to obtain fuels and chemicals. Natural gas, coal, and biomass can be converted into syngas through
gasification and reforming, and then syngas may be transformed into lower olefins, gasoline, diesel, wax, oxygenates, a-olefins, and other chemicals via Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS).