Download Master The Fundamentals Of Chemistry Course udemy (Part 1-4)

Master The Fundamentals Of Chemistry  Course (Part 1-4)  by udemy free download and this Is A High School Chemistry Course For Students Preparing For iGCSE, GCSE & AP Chemistry Exams.

In this course you will learn exactly what you need to know for your chemistry exams so that you can learn as efficiently as possible.

What you’ll learn

  • Understand the three states of matter in terms of the arrangement, movement and energy of the particles
  • Understand the interconversions between the three states of matter in terms of: the changes in arrangement, movement and energy of the particles.
  • Understand how the results of experiments involving the dilution of coloured solutions and diffusion of gases can be explained
  • Know what is meant by the terms: • solvent • solute • solution • saturated solution.
  • Know what is meant by the term solubility in the units g per 100 g of solvent
  • Understand how to classify a substance as an element, compound or mixture
  • Describe these experimental techniques for the separation of mixtures: • simple and fractional distillation • filtration • crystallisation • chromatography.
  • Understand how a chromatogram provides information about the composition of a mixture
  • Understand how to use the calculation of Rf values to identify the components of a mixture
  • Know what is meant by the terms atom and molecule
  • Know the structure of an atom in terms of the positions, relative masses and relative charges of sub-atomic particles
  • Know what is meant by the terms atomic number, mass number, isotopes and relative atomic mass (Ar)
  • Be able to calculate the relative atomic mass of an element (Ar) from isotopic abundances
  • Understand how to deduce the electronic configurations of the first 20 elements from their positions in the Periodic Table
  • Understand how the electronic configuration of a main group element is related to its position in the Periodic Table
  • Understand how ions are formed by electron loss or gain
  • Know the charges of common ions
  • Write formulae for compounds formed between the ions listed above
  • Draw dot-and-cross diagrams to show the formation of ionic compounds by electron transfer, limited to combinations of elements from Groups 1, 2, 3 and 5, 6, 7
  • Understand ionic bonding in terms of electrostatic attractions
  • Understand why compounds with giant ionic lattices have high melting and boiling points
  • Know that ionic compounds do not conduct electricity when solid, but do conduct
  • electricity when molten and in aqueous solution
  • Know that a covalent bond is formed between atoms by the sharing of a pair of electrons
  • Understand covalent bonds in terms of electrostatic attractions
  • Understand how to use diagrams to represent covalent bonds in a range of molecules
  • Explain why substances with a simple molecular structures are gases or liquids, or solids with low melting and boiling points
  • Explain why the melting and boiling points of substances with simple molecular structures
  • increase, in general, with increasing relative molecular mass
  • Explain why substances with giant covalent structures are solids with high melting and boiling points
  • Explain how the structures of diamond, graphite and C60 fullerene influence their physical properties, including electrical conductivity and hardness
  • Know that covalent compounds do not usually conduct electricity
  • Know how to represent a metallic lattice by a 2-D diagram
  • Understand metallic bonding in terms of electrostatic attractions
  • Explain typical physical properties of metals, including electrical conductivity and malleability
  • Understand why covalent compounds do not conduct electricity
  • Understand why ionic compounds conduct electricity only when molten or in aqueous solution
  • Understand how the similarities in the reactions of group 1 elements with water provide evidence of their recognition as a family of elements
  • Understand how the differences between the reactions of the group 1 elements with oxygen and water provide evidence for the pattern of their reactivity
  • Use knowledge of the trends in group 1 to predict the properties of other alkali metals
  • Explain the trend in reactivity in terms of electronic configuration
  • Know the colours and states of the group 7 elements at room temperature, and trends in physical properties
  • Use knowledge of trends in group 7 to predict the properties of other elements
  • Understand how the displacement reaction of halogens and halides provides evidence for the pattern of reactivity
  • Explain the trend in reactivity of group 7 in terms of electronic configuration
  • Know the approximate % by volume of the 4 most abundant gases in dry air
  • Understand how to determine the % of oxygen in air using (for example) the reaction of a metal with oxygen
  • Describe the reactions of elements with oxygen (magnesium, hydrogen, sulphur)
  • Describe the formation of carbon dioxide from the thermal decomposition of metal carbonates
  • Know that carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas and contributes to global warming
  • Understand how elements are arranged in the Periodic Table, in order of atomic number, in groups and periods
  • Understand how to deduce the electronic configuration of the first 20 elements from their position in the Periodic Table
  • Understand how to use electrical conductivity, and the acid/base character of oxides to classify elements as metals or non-metals
  • Identify an element as metal or non-metal according to its position in the Periodic Table
  • Understand how the electronic configuration of a main group element is related to its position in the Periodic Table
  • Understand why elements in the same group have similar chemical properties
  • Understand why the Noble Gases do not readily react
  • Write word and symbol equations for reaction detailed in the specification, and unfamiliar reactions where information is provided
  • Calculate relative formula mass from relative atomic masses
  • Know that the mole is a measure of the amount of substance
  • Understand how to perform calculations with the amount of substance using Mr
  • Calculate reacting masses using experimental data and chemical equations
  • Understand how the formulae of simple compounds can be determined experimentally
  • Know what is meant my the terms molecular and empirical formulae
  • Calculate empirical and molecular formulae from experimental data
  • Understand how to carry out calculations with amount of substance using concentrations
  • Understand how to carry out calculations using the molar volume of a gas at room temperature and pressure
  • In this course students will learn exactly what they need to know for their chemistry exams so that they can learn as efficiently as possible.
  • Understand that metals can be placed in a reactivity series based on their reactivity with water and/or dilute acids
  • Understand how metals can be placed in order of reactivity based on the displacement reactions with metal oxides and aqueoues solutions of salts
  • Know the order of reactivity for common metals
  • Know the conditions under which iron rusts
  • Understand how the rusting of iron can be prevented
  • Describe the use of litmus, methyl orange and phenolphthalein to distinguish between acids, bases and neutral solutions
  • Understand how the use of the pH scale identifies a substance as a strong/weak acid/base
  • Describe the use of universal indicator to identify the pH of a solution
  • Know that acids produce H+ ions in solution whereas bases produce OH- ions
  • Know that bases can neutralise acids
  • Know how to carry out an acid/base titration
  • Know the solubility rules for common salts
  • Understand acid base reactions in terms of proton transfer
  • Understand that an acid is a proton donor and a base is a proton acceptor
  • Describe the reactions of metals, metal oxides, and metal carbonantes with common dilute acids
  • Know that metal oxides, ammonia and metal hydroxides act as bases in solution and that alkalis are soluble bases
  • Describe an experiment to prepare a sample of a soluble salt, starting with a metal oxide or metal carbonate
  • Describe how to produce a sample of a soluble salt using titration
  • Describe how to produce a sample of an insoluble salt using a precipitation reaction
  • Describe the chemical tests for the identification of common gases
  • Describe how to carry out a flame test
  • Recall the flame colours of common ions
  • Describe the cation tests for ammonium, and metal ions using NaOH
  • Describe the anion tests for halides, carbonate, and sulphate
  • Know that chemical reaction that release heat are exothermic, and the opposite are endothermic
  • Describe simple calorimetry experiments such as combustion, neutralisation, displacement, dissolving
  • Calculate the heat evolved in a reaction using Q=mcΔT
  • Calculate the molar heat evolved in a reaction
  • Draw and explain enthalpy profiles for endothermic and exothermic reactions
  • Know that bond breaking is endothermic and bond making is exothermic
  • Use bond enthalpies to calculate the enthalpy change for a reaction
  • Calculate percentage yield
  • Understand why covalent substances do not conduct electricity
  • Understand why ionic substances conduct electricity when molten or aqueous
  • Apply the terms cation and anion to charged particles
  • Describe electrolysis experiments and predict the observations made at the anode and cathode
  • Write ionic half-equations for reactions occuring at the anode and cathode during electrolysis
  • Know that metals are extracted from compounds that are found in the Earth’s crust, and that unreactive metals are often found as uncombined elements
  • Know how the position of a metal in the reactivity series is linked to the method used for extraction
  • Comment on a suitable method of extraction for a metal given information pertaining to its reactivity
  • Explain the uses of metals related to their properties
  • Describe experiments to investigate the factors that affect the rate of a chemical reaction
  • Describe the effect on the rate of a reaction of changing the surface area, concentration, temperature, or addition of a catalyst
  • Explain the effect of the above factors on the rate of reaction in terms of collision theory
  • Know that a catalyst is a substance that speeds up a reaction but is unaffected by the end of the reaction
  • Know that a catalyst works by providing an alternative pathway for reaction with a lower activation energy
  • Draw and explain reaction profiles showing enthalpy change and activation energy
  • Know that some reactions are reversible and this can be represented with a double arrow
  • Describe reversible reactions such as those involving hydrated copper sulphate, and ammonium chloride
  • Know that a reversible reaction can reach a dynamic equilbirium in a sealed container
  • Describe the features of a dynamic equilibrium
  • Understand why a catalyst does not affect the position of an equilibrium
  • Describe the effect of changing the temperature and/or pressure on the position of an equilibrium
  • Know the definition of a hydrocarbon
  • Understand how to represent organic molecules with moleuclar formulae, empirical formulae, diaplyed formulae, structural formulae
  • Know the meaning of the terms homologous series, functional group, and isomer
  • Know how to name organic molecules using IUPAC nomenclature
  • Draw possible structural formulae of a molecule given its molecular formula
  • Understand how to classify reactions as combustion, substitution, and addition
  • Know the crude oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons
  • Describe the industrial separation of crude oil using fractional distillation
  • Know the names and uses of the main fractions obtained from crude oil
  • Know the trend in colour, viscosity, flammability, and boiling point of the fractions
  • Know that fuels are substances that release heat when burned
  • Know the possible products of combustion of hydrocarbons
  • Understand why CO is poisonous related to its effect on transport of oxygen in the body
  • Know that cars produce nitrogen oxides due to reaction between nitrogen and oxygen in the car engine
  • Explain how the impurities in fuels results in the production of sulphur oxides
  • Explain how non-metal oxides contribute to acid rain
  • Describe how long chain alkanes are converted into shorter alkanes (and alkenes) in the process of cracking
  • Explain why cracking is necessary in terms of supply and demand of different fractions
  • Know the general formula of alkanes
  • Explain why alkanes are saturated
  • Understand how to draw the isomers of alkanes up to those containing 5 carbon atoms
  • Describe the reaction of alkanes with halogens in the presence of UV light
  • Know that alkenes contain the functional group C=C
  • Know the general formula for alkenes
  • Explain why alkenes are unsaturated
  • Know how to draw, and name, the positional isomers of alkenes
  • Describe the reactions of alkenes with halogens
  • Describe how bromine water cna be used as a test for saturation
  • Know that alcohols contain the functional group -OH
  • Understand how to draw the positional isomers of alcohols
  • Know that alcohols can be oxidised by combustion, and heating with acidified potassium dichromate
  • Know that addition polymers are formed by joining many small monomers
  • Understand how to draw the repeating unit of a polymer
  • Know how to deduce the monomer from a section of a polymer
  • Explain the difficulty in disposing of polymers
  • Know that condensation polymers are formed from diols and dioic acids
  • Understand how to draw the repeating uint of a polyester
  • Know that some biopolyesters are biodegradable
  • Know that ethanol can be manufactured by the reaction of ethene with steam, and by fermentation of sugars by yeast
  • Understand the reasons for the optimum conditions used in fermentation
  • Know that carboxylic acids contain the functional group COOH
  • Understand how to draw the structural formulae of carboxylic acids
  • Describe the reactions of metals with aqueous carboxylic acids
  • Know that vinegar is a solution of ethanoic acid
  • Know that esters contain the functional group COO
  • Know that esters are formed by reacting alcohols with carboxylic acids
  • Understand how to draw the structural formulae of esters
  • Know how to name the ester formed by combnining different alcohols and carboxylic acids
  • Know that esters are volatile compounds with distinctive smells used in food flavourings

 

  • Course Detail
  • Movie quality: MP4 | Video: h264, 1280 × 720
  • Audio quality: Audio: AAC, 44.1 KHz, 2 Ch
  • Movie duration: 19 hours 10 min
  • Number of lessons: 16 Section and 102 lectures
  • Language of instruction: English
  • Includes :4 courses ( Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4)
  • Compressed file size: 17.3 GB
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